In-situ observations of lattice parameter fluctuations in austenite and transformation to bainite

S. S. Babu, E. D. Specht, S. A. David, E. Karapetrova, P. Zschack, M. Peet and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 36A (2005) 3281-3289.


Isothermal transformation of high-carbon austenite-to-bainitic ferrite has been investigated with the in-situ technique of time-resolved X-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation. The measurements indicate that prior to transformation, the austenite divided into regions with significantly different lattice parameters. It is possible that this is due to the development of carbon-rich and carbon-poor regions in the austenite, as a precursor to transformations including the bainite reaction. The lattice parameter became uniform as transformation progressed and the fraction of carbon-poor austenite decreased. The ferrite itself exhibited a large range of lattice parameters during the early stages of transformation, due to the trapping of carbon.

Paper and more resources available on phase transformations website.

DOI: 10.1007/s11661-005-0002-x